Moisture is most important to the skin. It helps to keep the skin soft, smooth and supple. Dryness of the skin is caused by under-activity of the oil producing glands of the skin. Due to a lack of oil, the skin’s ability to hold moisture is hampered. Seasonal changes also aggravate the problem by causing further moisture loss. In winter, the skin loses moisture to the atmosphere. Therefore, the daily care routine should be adjusted according to the needs of the skin.
Moisturizing plays an important protective role in skin care, by sealing in natural moisture and also preventing moisture depletion. The skin absorbs moisture in the form of an emulsion of oil and water. It cannot absorb water or oil by itself. Therefore, the only way of dealing with the problem is to apply moisturizers daily, to replenish moisture loss and keep the skin soft and moist. Dry skins also need daily nourishment with the application of rich creams, so that the skin receives emollients and is able to hold moisture better. The skin also needs to be protected from further moisture loss. This can be done with the use of sunscreens and moisturizers.
Moisturizers are available in both liquid and cream forms. During the dry season, for normal to dry skin, it is better to use a creamy moisturizer, applying it after cleansing and toning. It should also be applied under make-up. A liquid moisturizer can be used at night, after cleansing and nourishing the skin.
Oily skins can hold moisture better than normal or dry skins. But, oily skins can also be short of moisture, during winter. The skin feels taut immediately after washing. A light moisturizing lotion may be applied. For oily skin, look for an “oil-free” day cream.
To apply moisturiser, first cleanse or wash the face. Apply moisturizer on the face and work it into the skin smoothly and gently, using your fingertips. Wipe off the excess (if any) with tissues or cotton wool.
To counteract the effect of low humidity in an air-conditioned room, keep a bowl of water. Drink plenty of water and fruit juices diluted with water.
The fact remains that moisturizing plays an important protective role in skin care, by sealing in natural moisture and also by preventing moisture depletion.
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